As home to 7.17 million people, Arizona is the 14th largest state in the U.S. by population. However, it is just the 33rd most densely populated state. Phoenix, the state’s largest city, is also the state capital. There are 15 counties in Arizona, and the largest is Maricopa County, which is the location of Phoenix and many of the state’s other largest cities. The least populated county is Greenlee County.
Compared to the United States at large, Arizona experiences an above-average amount of crime, and the state had a violent crime rate of 4.75 per 1,000 in 2018. Tucson is the state’s most dangerous city, logging a 2018 violent crime rate of 7.37 per 1,000, which is about twice the national rate. That same year, Arizona had the 7th most reported arrests of any state in the nation.
Arizona Arrest and Crime Statistics
- 256,785 arrests were made in Arizona in 2018, and 20,478 arrests were made of minors under the age of 18.
- 11,628 arrests were made for violent crimes, with 281 made for murder and nonnegligent manslaughter, 328 for rape, and 9,079 for aggravated assault.
- Drug abuse violations were the leading identified case of arrest in Arizona, accounting for 32,272 arrests, followed by larceny-theft, which accounted for 26,621 arrests, and then ‘Other assaults’ which resulted in 25,198 arrests.
- 19,200 people were arrested for driving under the influence in 2018, while 11,514 were arrested for drunkeness.
- There are over 8,300 registered sex offenders in Arizona.
What is a public arrest record?
An arrest record is a report produced by a law enforcement entity after the arrest or apprehension of an individual which contains the details of the incident, the individual’s personal information, and occasionally includes additional information about the individual’s criminal record.
An arrest record is often a key document in a criminal case and may play a significant role in an ensuing trial. The arrest record may remain in the public record for a long time regardless of whether the suspect is ultimately convicted of the crime(s) for which they were initially arrested. This means that it can be accessed by the general public.
What is included in a public arrest record?
- Description of the incident: An arrest record will include a chronological account of the alleged crime produced by the arresting officer that may utilize information provided by first-hand witnesses and/or victims of the alleged crime.
- Date and location of the arrest
- Physical description: The height, weight, hair color, sex, and race of the arrested person, along with other distinguishing characteristics such as tattoos, scars, or birthmarks.
- Personal information: The name, age, date of birth, phone number, address, social security number, and other contact information of the arrested individual, as well as any other names the person may go by.
- Criminal charges filed
- Classification of the crime: Whether the alleged crime is a felony or a misdemeanor.
- Court date
- Police interrogation details
What are the types of charges that may appear on an arrest record?
Generally, charges are classified into three main categories:
- Infraction – An infraction is a minor violation of the law that is regulated at the state level. Punishment for an infraction is typically a fine or a written warning, rather than a jail or prison sentence. Examples of infractions include minor traffic violations, public nuisance offenses, and littering.
- Misdemeanor – A misdemeanor is a crime that is more serious than an infraction, but less severe than a felony, and generally punishable by a term of imprisonment of less than a year, or a term of probation. An individual convicted of a misdemeanor is more likely to serve time in a county or local jail than a federal or state prison. Examples of misdemeanors include driving under the influence, most drug abuse violations, and petty theft.
- Felony – A felony is the most serious type of crime and generally results in a term of imprisonment of more than one year in a state or federal prison. Having a felony on one’s record may result in limitations of employment and the acquisition of specialty licenses. Examples of felonies include rape, murder, and arson.
Who can access arrest records?
As in most other states, arrest records (also known as arrest reports) are public records in Arizona and can be accessed by anyone upon request to a law enforcement agency, and may come up during a routine background check.
Other examples of Arizona public records include:
- vital records such as birth and death certificates
- marriage licenses
- court records
- voting records
- property records
Where are physical copies of arrest records kept in Arizona?
Arrest records are typically held by the law enforcement agency responsible for the arrest, usually a local police department or county sheriff’s office. They also may be kept in the archive of a state government agency, or circuit court.
However, the official repository for Arizona state criminal justice information is the Central State Repository of Arizona Department of Public Safety (DPS).
Why can’t I access an arrest record in Arizona?
There are a number of reasons why you may not be able to access an arrest record. Although the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) requires federal agencies to release arrest records and other public records, records that fall under certain exemptions can be withheld from the public.
The FOIA includes nine exemptions that allow agencies to withhold documents, such as arrest records, and not release them to the public. They are:
- The information is classified to protect natural security.
- The information focuses on the internal rules and practices of the agency.
- Another federal law prohibits the release of the information.
- The information includes confidential trade secrets and/or commercial and financial information.
- The information includes privileged, confidential communicative exchanges between two agencies.
- The information could pose a danger to another person’s privacy if released.
- The information is reserved for law enforcement purposes in a court case or an investigation or could reveal a confidential source.
- The information includes confidential information about financial institution supervision.
- The information includes geographical information about wells.
Additionally, some state laws limit the availability of arrest records due to the fact that they are perceived as one-sided documents that do not include the arrested person’s account of the incident.
What is the difference between an arrest record and a criminal record?
Compared to an arrest record, a criminal record is a more thorough document that details an individual’s entire criminal history, including arrest warrants, arrests, third party complaints, convictions, and even dropped cases.
What is the difference between an arrest record and an arrest warrant?
An arrest warrant is a document issued by a judge or magistrate that grants law enforcement the authority to arrest an individual suspected of a crime or to search and seize the individual’s property, whereas an arrest record is a document of an arrest that is only created after an arrest or apprehension has already occurred.
In order for a judge or magistrate to issue an arrest warrant, they must conclude that there is probable cause for an arrest. Probable cause must be backed by sworn testimony or an affidavit that provides sufficient information supporting the need for an arrest. An arrest warrant must also specify one individual that should be arrested, rather than a group of individuals or a rough description of a suspect.
How many Americans have been arrested?
While crime has steadily dropped in the United States over the past several decades, arrests have gone up, particularly for younger age groups. Typically, law enforcement makes around 10 million arrests each year. Here are some key statistics on arrests in the United States:
- In 2018, around 10.3 million arrests were made nationwide.
- 73% of arrested persons in 2018 were males.
- The more recent an American was born, the greater the likelihood that the individual has been arrested at least once. The following is the percentage of Americans in various age groups that have been arrested:
- 6.4% of Americans born before 1949
- 10.7% of Americans born between 1949 and 1958
- 13.8% of Americans born between 1959 and 1968
- 18.7% of Americans born between 1969 and 1978
- 23% of Americans born between 1979-1988
How to search for Arrest Records in Arizona
How can I search for an Arizona arrest record on the internet?
Since tracking down physical copies of arrest records can prove challenging, searching for them online is a viable option. There is a wealth of online services that allow you to search and access Arizona arrest records and other public records via numerous government agency databases in exchange for a fee.
However, despite the fact that users must pay to obtain an arrest record from an online service, it’s nevertheless a convenient means of getting these documents. The offices of government agencies are often marred by inconsistent service and take a long time to process requests to view documents. Sometimes it’s worth it to pay a fee to use an online background check service, rather than endure the extended delays typical of government offices.
Getting physical copies of public arrest records in Arizona
Those in Arizona that wish to obtain a copy of their state criminal record, including arrest records, may send a Record Review Packet to the Central State Repository of Arizona Department of Public Safety (DPS). Unfortunately, requesting the criminal records of others is restricted to authorized agencies and persons, and not allowed for the general public.
The Record Review Packet can be requested by contacting the DPS Criminal History Records Section at (602) 223-2222 and includes the four items listed below. They can also be downloaded and printed.
- Packet Instructions
- Contact Information Sheet
- Blank Applicant fingerprint card
- Pre-addressed return envelope (If you choose to download and print the components, rather than requesting them by mail, you may use a standard envelope.)
The Record Review Packet should come within 15 days of the telephone request. Once you receive the packet, or print it out, complete the following steps:
- Fill out the Contact Information Sheet.
- Go to a local law enforcement agency to have your fingerprints taken and put on the Blank Applicant fingerprint card.
- Fill out the required information on the Blank Applicant fingerprint card.
- If you are represented by an attorney, the attorney is required to include a notarized letter of authorization along with the packet.
- Mail all of the components together in an envelope addressed to:
ARIZONA DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC SAFETY
CRIMINAL HISTORY RECORDS UNIT
PO BOX 18450
PHOENIX, AZ 85005-8450
After the packet is submitted, a copy of the criminal record, along with arrest records, will be mailed in around two weeks. If you have questions regarding the submitted packet, call the Criminal History Records Section at (602) 223-2229.
What can I do if my arrest record has a mistake?
If the criminal record information or arrest reports included within the mailed results have incomplete or erroneous information, an individual may challenge the record through completing and sending the Review and Challenge of Arizona Criminal History Record Information form that comes with the results.
After the form is completed, it should be mailed to the Arizona DPS Criminal History Records Unit at the address listed in the above section.
If you’re worried that someone you know or love has a criminal record and maybe hiding it from you, run a quick background check online with ArrestRecords.com. Thanks to public records laws, almost all Arizona arrests, criminal and civil records are available online, as well as comprehensive background checks and secret data. You can even find Arizona marriage records, secret divorce records as well as birth and death records.
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